Three Precious Ones—Triple Jewel—Triple Gem (Buddha, Dharma, Sangha)—The foundation of Buddhism is the Three Treasures, without trust in which and reverence for there can be no Buddhist religious life. There are three kinds of Triratna (three Treasures):
(A) The Unified or one-body Three Treasures:
1) The Vairocana Buddha, representing the realization of the world of Emptiness, of Buddha-nature, of unconditioned Equality.
2) The Dharma that is the law of beginningless and endless becoming, to which all phenomena are subject according to causes and conditions.
3) The harmonious fusion of the preceding two, which constitutes total reality as experienced by the enlightened.
(B) The Manifested Three Treasures:
1) The historic Buddha Sakyamuni:
– The historic Buddha Sakyamuni who through his perfect enlightenment relaized in himself the truth of the Unified Three Treasures.
2) The Dharma:
– The Dharma, which comprises the spoken words and sermons of Sakyamuni Buddha wherein he elucidated the significance of the Unified Three Treasures and the way to its realization.
3) Sakyamuni Buddha’s Disciples:
– Sakyamuni Buddha’s Disciples, including the immediate disciples of the Buddha Sakyamuni and other followers of his day who heard, believed, and made real in their own bodies the Unified Three Treasures that he taught.
(C) The Abiding Three Treasures:
1) The Buddha:
– The Supremely Enlightened Being. The iconography of Buddhas which have come down to us.
2) The Dharma:
The teaching imparted by the Buddha. All written sermons and discourses of Buddhas (that is, fully enlightened beings) as found in the sutras and other Buddhist texts still extant.
3) The Sangha:
– The congregation of monks and nuns or genuine Dharma followers. Sangha consists of contemporary disciples who practice and realize the saving truth of the Unified Three Treasures that was first revealed by Sakyamuni Buddha.
The three store houses—Three Buddhist Canon Baskets—The three baskets (tripitaka) of Buddhist Teachings which contains the essence of the Buddha’s teaching —The Theravada canon written in Pali and the Mahayana canon written in Sanskrit.
The Tripitaka is organized into three sections: (1) Vinaya (skt)—Precepts; (2) Sutra; (3) Abhidharma or sastra (skt)—Abhidhamma Pitaka (p)—Commentaries.
THE FULLY LIST OF TRIPITAKS ACCORDING MAHAYANA
The list below is fully sutras titles of the Mahayana canon in Vietnamese, English and Chinese.
English titles shared by Guo Cheen on scribd
ABHIDHARMA (SASTRA, ABHIDHAMMA PITAKA, COMMENTARIES)
THE FULLY LIST OF TRIPITAKAS ACCORDING THERAVADA BUDDHISM
The list below is fully sutras titles of the Theravada canon in Vietnamese, English.
English titles based on the translations of: Maurice Walshe, Bhikkhu Nanamoli, Bhikkhu Bodhi,K.R. Norman, Bhk. Thanissaro,… translation and Thiện Phúc Vietnamese – English Buddhist Dictionary.
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